The Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Pakistan-Islamabad is the research oriented department. The Cultural Heritage of the Sub-Continent started receiving attention in the second half of the 19th Century with the establishment of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1861. After Partition of India in 1947, Archaeological Survey of India, reorganized in Pakistan and titled as Department of Archaeology and Museums Government of Pakistan. It is a custodian of the nation’s cultural heritage and in this capacity is almost the sole agency to protect and preserve its master pieces in the shape of immovable sites and monuments and the movable antiquities and works of art. In this context, the main functions and the objectives of the department are as follows:
Implementation of UNESCO conventions;
(a) protection of world cultural and natural Heritage;
(b) prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property and
(c)Protection of cultural property in the event of conflict.
Preservation and conservation of historical monuments and archaeological sites. Pursuance of a uniform policy of filed researches such as archaeological exploration and excavation being carried out by the Federal Department of Archaeology and Museums and other institutions / Universities. To collaborate with foreign archaeological missions working at various sites in Pakistan and to regulate their activities under a uniform policy.